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Our natural peat is excellent base for all kind of substrate mixture.

 / Natural peat

Natural peat

Peat ( widely named as turf ) is dead fibrous material that forms when mosses and other living material decompose in peat bogs.

The nature of peat varies according to its original botanical components and its state of decomposition.

The vegetation types that make up the peat affect its physical properties. For example, sphagnum peat will be light and spongy, whereas sedge peat will be characterized by mats of linear fibers.

The colour of peat commonly reflects its age and degree of decomposition. Younger peat ( turf ) is pale yellowish brown and the plant remains are still readily identifiable. Older turf is more decomposed, darker in colour. The degree of decomposition of turf is measured using the Von Post scale, where for example H2 refers to lightly decomposed spongy fibrous turf and H8 to a much more decomposed black turf.

Peat has the perfect properties for a growing medium: abundance of pore spaces for air and water, lightweight, relatively weed-free and disease-free, and easily obtained. If plants need more nutrients or a higher pH, other substances can be mixed with the peat without losing the beneficial qualities.

Gardeners use peat moss mainly as a soil amendment or ingredient in potting soil in horticulture. Peat is an important component of most potting soils and seeds starting mediums. It has an acid pH, so it’s ideal for acid plants such as blueberries and rhododendrons.

It holds several times its weight in moisture, and releases the moisture to the plants roots as needed. It also holds onto nutrients so that they aren’t rinsed out of the soil when you water the plant.